Guides & Resources
Glossary for Filmmaking Terms
Answer Print

First completed edited-dubbed-scored, color-and-sound print of a film ready for initial scrutiny by the production team.


Villain of the film or script who is in conflict with the protagonist.


Anything that happens in the final few moments of a film that dulls down the story crescendo and leaves the audience feeling let down and unsatisfied.

Protagonist who has pronounced personality or character defects or eccentricities which are not usually associated with the hero archetype.

Measure of the width of the opening allowing light to enter a camera. The apparent diameter of a lens viewed from the position of the object against a diffusely illuminated background is called the "effect aperture". The ratio of focal length of a lens to its "effective aperture" for an object located at infinity is called the "relative aperture", or "f/stop". Higher apertures allow more light to enter a camera, hence darker scenes can be recorded. Conversely, lower apertures allow less light to enter, but have the advantage of creating a large depth of field.


Metal rod (arm) which attaches to a C-Stand.


Abbreviation for the Arriflex Camera, a lightweight reflex motion-picture camera which comes in both 16mm and 35mm speeds

Art Department

Crew concerned with visual artistry of a production. Members of art dept. include: Art director, assistant art director, draftsman, leadman, production designer, production buyer, property master, set dresser, special effects supervisor, among others.

Art Director

Individual who oversees the artists and crafts people who build sets.

Aspect Ratio

Measurement of the relative sizes of the horizontal and vertical components of an image.